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 participants: elizabeth jacka
 Elizabeth Jacka
Professor of Communications Studies
University of Technology, Sydney

Research projects
Jacka, E.M., Hamilton P.I., "Welcome to television: A Cultural History of Australian Television 1956-92 ARC Linkage 2003-2006 $165,000

TA O'Regan, SD Cunningham, JD, Thomas, EM. Jacka,The New Service Industry Model: Implications for audio-visual media, ARC Discovery 2002-2004, $300,000

The ABC and the arts; how the ABC covers the arts.

The media and war: relations between the ABC and the government in time of war.
A statement on your most significant contributions to this research field
Professor Elizabeth Jacka has been researching and writing about Australian media and communications policy in an international setting since 1980. Between 1987 and 1991 she published (sometimes with co-author, Dr Susan Dermody) four books analysing the Australian audio-visual industry in an international setting and the policy questions associated with it. These include the standard works, The Screening of Australia and The Imaginary Industry but also include a history of ABC television drama which is relevant to the present proposal. The novelty of this work was to combine different methodological approaches, including political economy, policy analysis, and cultural and textual analysis.

In 1990, together with Professor Stuart Cunningham, she began to study the international television industry and its position in a global environment with particular attention again to policy and regulatory aspects. This study, funded by a large ARC grant, led to the publication of two significant books, New Patterns in Global Television and Australian Television and International Mediascapes, both published in 1996. The novelty of this work was that it was the first systematic and extended study of Australian television within an international setting, and also that it combined industry and policy analysis with studies of audience reception.

In 1996 Professor Jacka began a study of the past, present and future of public service broadcasting internationally with special reference to the ABC. In 1996 and 1997 she had small ARC grants and UTS internal grants which enabled the study of policy changes at the ABC between 1986 and 1996 and which were published in a report, Australian Public Service Broadcasting in Transition 1986-1996: Working Papers, co-authored with her research associates, and a refereed article (1997b). Between 1998 and 2000 she delivered several conference papers and wrote two book chapters on public service broadcasting, and been invited to three international symposia where she has delivered addresses on various aspects of the subject. The original contribution to knowledge which these studies are attempting is to consider the past, present and future of public broadcasting within a framework of changing modes of governmentality, and within changing rationales for such institutions within democratic polities.

In 2002 Professor Jacka was awarded a UTS internal grant to begin the project on the History of Australian Television (subject of the present application). Progress so far on this project includes identification of significant participants in the Australian television industry 1956-1992 in order to establish whether or not oral histories of their careers have been undertaken, investigation of significant programs and whether or not extant copies are available and a preliminary scan of the available sources of information about industry history. Professor Jacka has also completed a paper entitled” Cultural and Social Dimensions of Australian Television History” which was presented at the “Cultural Returns” conference at St Hugh's College, Oxford in September 2002 and the Australian Cultural Studies Association Conference in December.
All refereed publications in the past five years
2003 “Peripheral Vision”, in Annette Hill (ed.), The Television Studies Reader, Oxford: Oxford University Press (with John Sinclair and Stuart Cunningham reprint of chapter in Sinclair 1996) (forthcoming)

2003 “Public Service TV: and Endangered Species”, in Toby Miller (ed.), Television: Critical Concepts, London and New York: Routledge (forthcoming) (reprint of Jacka 2000)

2002 '”Democracy as defeat: the impotence of arguments for public service broadcasting', Television and New Media, Volume 3, Number 3, pp.

2001 'The future of public service broadcasting', in Stuart Cunningham and Graeme Turner (eds), The Media In Australia, third edition, St Leonards: Allen and Unwin, pp. 300-343

2000 “Public Service TV: An Endangered Species”, in Stuart Cunningham and Graeme Turner (eds) The Australian Television Book, St Leonards: Allen and Unwin.

1998 'The Continued relevance of the 'national' as a site for Progressive Policy Making', Javnost The Public Vol. 5, No.4, pp. 80-84 (with Stuart Cunningham).

1998 'Regional Dynamics', in Thussu, D. (ed), Electronic Empires: Global Media and Local Resistance London: Hodder Headline/Arnold, (with Sinclair and Cunningham.

1998 'Australian Cinema', in John Hill and Pamela Church Gibson (eds.), The Oxford Guide to Film Studies, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

1997 'Neighbourly Relations? Cross-Cultural Reception Analysis and Australian Soaps in Britain', in Sreberny-Mohammadi, A., Winseck, D., McKenna, J. and Boyd-Barrett, O. (eds), Media in Global Context: A Reader, London: Arnold/Hodder Headline, pp. 299-310 (with Stuart Cunningham).

1997 'Public service broadcasting in transition: The view from Europe', Culture and Policy, Vol. 8, No. 2, 115-126.

1997 'Media Institutions: Organisation, Culture and production: Film' in Cunningham, Stuart and Turner, Graeme, An Introduction to the Australian Media, Allen and Unwin, Sydney, revised edition.

1997 'The Media Industries: Film', in Cunningham, Stuart and Turner, Graeme, An Introduction to the Australian Media, Allen and Unwin, Sydney, revised edition.
Ten career-best publications
2002 '”Democracy as defeat: the impotence of arguments for public service broadcasting', Television and New Media, Volume 3, Number 3, pp.

Sinclair, J., Jacka, E. and Cunningham, S. (eds), New Patterns in Global Television: Peripheral Vision (London and New York: Oxford University Press, 1996). 238pp. (Shortlisted (eight out of 200) for the 1997 Kraszna-Krausz Book Awards for the best book on the moving image.)

Cunningham, S. and Jacka, E., Australian Television and International Mediascapes (Melbourne, New York and London: Cambridge University Press, 1996). 284pp.

Jacka, E. and Johnson, L., "Australian Television", in Anthony Smith (ed), Oxford Illustrated History of World Television, Oxford University Press, 8000 words.

Jacka, E., 'Researching audiences: the dialogue between cultural studies and social science', Media Information Australia, Number 73, August 1994, pp. 45-51.

Jacka, E., "Australian cinema: an anachronism in the 1980s?, in Graeme Turner (ed), Nation, Culture, Text: Australian Cultural and Media Studies, London and New York: Routledge, 1993, pp.106-122.

Jacka, E., The ABC of Drama: 1975-1989, The Australian Film Television and Radio School, North Ryde, 1991, 147 pp.

Jacka, E. and Dermody, S., The Imaginary Industry: Australian Film in the Late Eighties, published by Media Information Australia with the Australian Film Television and Radio School, North Ryde, 1988, 200 pp.

Jacka, E. and Dermody, S., The Screening of Australia Vol II: Anatomy of a Cultural Project, Currency Press, Sydney, 1988, 252 pp.

Jacka, E. and Dermody, S., The Screening of Australia Vol I: Anatomy of a Film Industry, Currency Press, Sydney, 1987, 282 pp.
Other evidence of impact and contributions to the field
Professor Jacka has worked in policy institutions (Assistant Director Programs Division Australian Broadcasting Tribunal 1988-1990) and as Director of Research at the Australian Film and Television School. She thus has experience of policy analysis in a “real-world” setting but also of taking her academic research into a field of application. She was an editor of Media International Australia from 1991 to 1996 and from 2002. Her books are standard texts throughout Australia and internationally. The results of her research have also been referenced in a number of government and agency inquiries into media policy matters, including the Mansfield Inquiry into the ABC, the Gonski Inquiry into film support and the ABA Inquiries into Australian Content.

Liz Jacka is a fellow of the Academy of Humanities.

Any aspects of your career or opportunities for research that are relevant to assessment and that have not been detailed elsewhere in this application
Professor Jacka's research career has been interrupted in the period 1996-2001 by her appointment as Dean of the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences at UTS. During her term as Dean she continued to pursue research albeit at a lower level of intensity. During that time she began a project on the past, present and future of public service broadcasting and gave conference papers and published articles and book chapters on that subject. She also gained experience in high level leadership, mentoring and staff development, policy formation and project management which will improve her effectiveness as a researcher and research leader. She returned to her research career at the end of 2001.

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This report has been make possible due to the generous support
of the Australian Research Council, and Curtin University of Technology

Elizabeth Jacka
email: [email protected]
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