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Wednesday, 23rd July 2014

Network Scholars Virtual Library

  • Anja Schwarz

    imageModes of 'un-Australianness' and 'un-Germanness': Contemporary Debates on Cultural Diversity in Germany and Australia

    Between 22 January and 10 February 2002, a number of articles in Australia’s major broadsheet newspapers1 dealt with what came to be remembered as the ‘Woomera crisis’. One letter to the editor enquired whether violence was the only thing the current detainees knew and asked whether they could ever:learn to live in our peaceful, easy-going country, which is built on the strength and tolerance of the people who have made it a place where we can all live in peace? They only extend their waiting time with their un-Australian activities.2The then Federal Minister for Immigration Phillip Ruddock was quoted saying that ‘lip-sewing is a practice that is unknown in our ... read more.
  • Leigh Dale

    Mainstreaming Australia

    … the possessive form my people has until recently been familiarly used in anthropo-logical circles, but the phrase in effect signifies ‘my experience’.1Modern representations of national identity in Australia have frequently been framed as anti-colonial, the nation and paradigmatic Australianness being defined in opposition to an external difference. This opposition is represented clearly in a series of landmark Australian films of the 1980s — Gallipoli (1981), Breaker Morant (1980), even Crocodile Dundee (1987) — each of which moves beyond the geographical space of the nation to make a point about Australian identity, the uniqueness of a male hero or heroes ... read more.
  • Frank Hough

    Pauline Hanson's One Nation

    The 1998 Federal Election saw high profile One Nation National President and party founder, Pauline Hanson, as the party's primary focal point in the election campaign. Hanson travelled all over Australia in support of the party's candidates in various states. However, the 2001 election required an alternate strategy given that the party's principal objective was to ensure her election as a Queensland Senator. Therefore, unlike the 1998 Federal Election, the party's 2001 campaign saw each state branch internally focus on their candidates while Pauline Hanson remained in Queensland and worked to convince the Queensland electorate that she was their best representative for the federal upper ... read more.
  • Catie Gilchrist

    image'The Victim of his own Temerity'? Silence, Scandal and the Recall of Sir John Eardley-Wilmot

    In 1846 a colonist under the pseudonym ‘Cato’ wrote a letter to the British Member of Parliament, Joseph Hume Esq.2 The letter disclosed the moral state of the convicts under the probation system. According to the author, ‘it is impossible to describe in language sufficiently plain not to be revolting, the degradation that exists at penal stations’. Notwithstanding this impossibility, his letter went on to state that ‘when the subjects of this discipline are let loose on society, their guilty connection is not confined to their own species and sex, but extends even to domestic animals’. The author suggested that only ‘indistinct allusion’ could ... read more.
  • Shen Yuan-fang

    Pioneers or Sojourners: Self-Representations of Chinese Immigrants

    Writing of the relations between truth, time, and self-representations, Genevieve Lloyd puts the point that constructions on our selves is doubly restrained. On the one hand, our ‘selves are part of the world and our representations of them must conform to standards of truth’. Yet our awareness of ourselves being different from others also impels us to ‘resist an entirely “external” view of what we most essentially are and do’.1 Although the Australian view of what the Chinese were in the nineteenth century the enduring ‘alien’ or ‘sojourner’ or ‘inferior Chinaman’ image did not have any great bearing on their ... read more.
  • Ana Carden-Coyne

    imageClassical Heroism and Modern Life: Bodybuilding and Masculinity in the Early Twentieth Century

    The modern condition is portrayed by Marshall Berman as a life of paradox, a contradiction between a ‘will to change’ and the ‘dread of a world in which “all that is solid melts into air”’.1 In the early twentieth century, this paradox of modern living was inculcated as an experience of human flesh. As part of the physical culture movement, the effort of bodybuilding to shape corporeal borders acted paradoxically as a buttress against the sense of decay and uncertainty which permeated the ‘air’ of modernity, and yet was inherently defined by the anxiety against which it reacted. Through the culture of the physique, the embodiment of modernity ... read more.
  • Alison Bashford

    Starch on the Collar and Sweat on the Brow: self sacrifice and the status of work for nurses

    From the 1890s, labor politics and language offered an alternative meaning of ‘work’ for the nurse. This alternative was neither specific nor restricted to working-class women. Nonetheless, it was one constructed around an idea of work more consonant with working-class needs and experiences, than ‘self-sacrifice’. Dominant ideas about nursing were being challenged as notions of femininity (and masculinity) were questioned, destabilised and reorganised. The women’s movement that emerged in Australia from the late 1880s both reflected and produced this questioning of gender. It did so largely by building on ideas about women’s supposed moral power and ... read more.
  • Caryl Bosman

    imageHomes for Everyone

    The Golden Grove Development, situated approximately twenty kilometres north east of the Adelaide CBD, is South Australia’s, and perhaps Australia’s, first largescale fully planned residential development. Initiated in the early 1970s as a state government project, it eventually became a joint venture between the state government and the Delfin Property Group. The development of the Golden Grove site was subject to an indenture ratified by parliament in late 1984. The indenture stipulated ten paramount objectives, which were to ensure that planning, marketing and development produced a ‘diverse’ ‘community’ environment. The ratification of the indenture ... read more.
  • Amanda G Taylor

    A Fashionable Production: Advertising and Consumer Culture on the Australian Stage

    I always suspected that nine-tenths of the women go to musical comedies to see the dresses. They proved it on Saturday by applauding the frocks, and doing it openly and unashamedly.1It was, in every sense, a most fashionable production when Our Miss Gibbs, a musical comedy set in a luxurious department store, opened in 1911 at Her Majesty’s theatre, Melbourne. The theatre was ‘full of the most expensive people’ who arrived wearing ‘some exquisite gowns’.2 And as the Bulletin’s report indicates, ‘the new library of dresses’ which appeared on the stage was equal to the scrutiny of the feminine portion of the audience who responded by ... read more.
  • Malcolm Mackerras

    Australian Capital Territory

    In Chapter 18 of Howard's Agenda: The 1998 Australian Election, which dealt with the Australian Capital Territory, my opening words were:In a major respect the contests in October 1998 in the Australian Capital Territory differed from those in March 1996. Whereas 1996 saw an interesting contest for one of the House of Representatives seats 1998 saw an interesting contest for one of the Senate seats. In 1996 the result of the two Senate places had been wholly predictable — Kate Lundy would take the first seat for Labor and Margaret Reid the second for the Liberal Party. Both would easily achieve a quota on the first count (Simms and Warhurst 2000, 143).In 2001 the outcome was quite ... read more.